John Piper wrote, "Paul says in Ephesians 5:25, 'Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her.' This was a particular redemption. Christ had his bride in view differently than he had all in view. He knew his bride, and he wanted his bride, and he bought his bride."
Particular redemption means Christ died for the church, His bride elect. The church is also known as the sheep, the covenant people with their Shepherd, Jesus Christ (John 10:14-15; Ephesians 5:25; Hebrews 13:20-21). Particular redemption is sure to save certain people, "the church of God which He purchased with His own blood" (Acts 20:28).
"But we see Jesus . . . that He by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone" (Hebrews 2:9). The death of Jesus Christ is sufficient in worth and value to save everyone. However, the death of Jesus has a particular purpose "in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings" (Hebrews 2:10).
Christ, who died for our sins according to the Scripture, commands the gospel be preached to all nations, and everyone in the world. Salvation in Christ is offered to all, everyone, whosoever, and the world (John 3:16; Romans 10:9-13; 1 Timothy 2:6; 4:10; Titus 2:11; Hebrews 2:9; 2 Peter 3:9). This means sufficiency of the atonement is more than abundant in value and worth. However, the atonement of Christ had a particular purpose to purchase the bride elect for Christ (Ephesians 5:25).
Christ's death is certainly sufficient in value to save all people, yet His death shall save a particular people who are foreknown by God (Romans 8:29-30; 1 Peter 1:2). They shall respond to the call of the gospel through repentance and faith. Jesus did not die in vain. The atonement of Christ shall not fail. Particular redemption means "He shall save His people from their sins" (Matthew 1:21).
- Particular redemption purchased the church, the bride elect of Christ.
- Particular redemption does not deny an atonement sufficient for all.
- Particular redemption does not deny salvation offered to all.
- Particular redemption means Jesus did not die in vain.